back

Is it Depression or the Blues?

Adults |

Sometimes it can be hard to tell if you’re depressed or simply feeling low. This is how the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) differentiates between having the blues and a depressive episode:

  • Must be a change in behaviour and not a temporary symptom
  • Depressed more of the day every day
  • Frequent irritable mood
  • Diminished interest and pleasure in most activities
  • Significant weight loss or failure to gain weight
  • Insomnia
  • Feeling slowed down
  • Feelings of worthlessness or excessive guilt
  • Significant distress in important areas of functioning including social and emotional

If you have been experiencing any of the symptoms listed below for most of the day, every day, for at least two weeks, you may be suffering from depression:

  • Persistent feelings of sadness, anxious thinking, and/or feelings of emptiness
  • Sense of hopelessness, or regular use of negative thinking
  • Irritability
  • Feelings of worthlessness, and/or helplessness
  • Excessive feelings of guilt
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in one’s hobbies or activities
  • Low energy or always fatigued
  • Restlessness or having trouble sitting still
  • Trouble concentrating, remembering, or making decisions
  • Disturbed sleeping or oversleeping
  • Change in appetite and weight
  • Thoughts of death or suicide, or suicide attempts
  • Body aches, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems without a physical cause that don’t seem to get better with treatment

If you think you may be experiencing a depressive episode, please reach out for help. Talk to a trusted friend or family member and ask for help finding a counselor in your area. If you have any questions you can always contact us here at FamilySparks.